Respiratory failure (DN) is a limitation of lung capacity to provide a normal gas composition of arterial blood, there is an overstrain of compensatory capabilities of the external respiratory system. Some people with this problem are prescribed a drug such as: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/klexane.
Causes of occurrence:
Acute and chronic diseases of the bronchopulmonary system
central nervous system disorders
hypertension in the small circle of circulation,
vascular pathology of the lungs and heart,
Symptoms and types
The classic signs of respiratory failure are:
Syndrome of weakness and fatigue of the respiratory muscles;
According to the rate of onset of the pathological condition, acute and chronic DN are distinguished.
Acute respiratory failure develops within a short time, within a few minutes or hours and requires urgent therapeutic measures.
Violation of central regulation of breathing, participation in breathing only muscles of the neck and larynx movement are observed
Anxiety and agitation, inadequate behavior.
lethargy, gradual loss of consciousness
earthy coloration of the skin.
In the initial stages, tachycardia, a tendency to high blood pressure are noted.
Chronic respiratory failure develops most often in chronic obstructive lung disease (chronic obstructive bronchitis), obesity, lung resection, kyphoscoliosis. In all of the above situations, the resulting hypoxia leads to an increase in the work of the respiratory muscles, which ensures that the gas composition of the blood is maintained for some time.
Gradually developing dyspnea.
Shortness of breath with little effort or even at rest
Dilation of facial skin vessels is noted.
The extremities have a purplish-blue tinge
Puffiness appears on the face.
The main causes of respiratory failure are acute and chronic lung diseases leading to obstructive hypoventilation.
Complications of respiratory failure
Respiratory failure is an urgent, life-threatening condition. If untreated, acute respiratory failure can lead to the death of the patient.
Prolonged course and progression of chronic respiratory failure leads to development of right ventricular heart failure as a result of deficiency of oxygen supply to the heart muscle and its constant overload.