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Similarities and Differences Lesson Plan

(This presentation was written by one of our support group families, and given as part of the Grade-1 Health Unit Curriculum to discuss Similarities and Differences, Self Awareness and Accepting who you are, but also using this talk to discuss Allergies with the class as part of the Health Unit. 
Resources used: Homemade poster illustrating children in wheelchair, with fanny pack, curly hair or straight hair, etc., Alexander the Elephant Video from AAIA ( AAIA page - Resources page), Alexander the Elephant video (optional) 

Hello Boys and Girls 

My name is XXXXXXXX and I've come to talk to you today about SIMILARITIES and DIFFERENCES in people. 

  • SIMILARITIES are things that are the same. 
  • DIFFERENCES are things that are different. 
  • There are lots of topics that we could talk about, but for today I'm going to have us just look at the things in PEOPLE that are the same and different. 
This is a big world that we live in and there are a lot of people in our world. 
  • As students in a school you meet and play with a lot of different people every day. 
  • You each have a family, and relatives and lots of friends around your neighbourhood, in Beavers and Sparks, at your Churches and in the sports or clubs that you belong to. 
  • The world is full of people everywhere you go and the world is an exciting place to live in because all of the people: You , Me, EVERYONE has something about them that is special, that is DIFFERENT. 
Let's talk about things that are the same about people. 
  • What things do you and your classmates HAVE that are the same? (belly buttons, skin, hearts, brains, lungs) 
  • What things do all people NEED that are the same?(water, food, sleep, love, hugs, warmth) 
  • What things do kids LIKE that are the same? (playing, reading, music, toys, T.V., yummy foods, learning new things, cool clothes, friends, feeling liked, being treated nicely) 

Now let's talk about some of the differences that people have .. to start with, what are some of the differences that we can SEE in people? (hair colour, eye colour, skin colour, tall, short, freckles, noses). 

  • Now you must remember that, even though we were all born with many things the same, each of us was born with many things different about us too. 
  • Some of these things we CAN see in one another, but some of our differences CAN'T be seen. 
  • Some of our differences may affect the way we DO things. 
  • Some differences may affect the way we LEARN. Some differences in people require them to take MEDICINES to stay healthy. 
  • Some differences in people mean that they need HELP doing things . 
  • Some differences in people mean that they can't always take part in EVERY EVENT that goes on. 
  • BUT it's important to remember that your differences are JUST AS IMPORTANT to who you are as your SIMILARITIES. 
  • Your differences are a SPECIAL part of you. 
  • Don't ever hide your differences. If people don't understand your differences, then explain them and help your friends understand them, so that they can look AFTER just as you would look AFTER your friend. 
Here is my SIMILARITIES and DIFFERENCES poster. 

I've used students in my poster because that's who I'm with today. 

  • The kids on my poster all NEED the SAME things that we talked about, and they ENJOY all of the fun things that we talked about. 
  • These children all have some of the DIFFERENCES that we talked about too. 

What are the some of the other differences that you see in this poster? 

  • (wheelchair, seeing eye dog, glasses, inhaler, fanny pack) 
  • What might be in the fanny pack? 
Children with food allergies have a difference that can't be seen. 
  • They are strong and healthy and can do everything that other children can do except for one thing..... 
  • They can't touch or eat the foods that they are allergic to. 
How many of you have been told never to touch mom's cleaners or dad's outdoor chemicals? 
  • Why? 
  • Because they are poisonous and could make you very, very sick.---- 
  • That is what happens to a food allergic child if he or she eats a food that they are allergic to.- 
  • For some reason, their body treats that food like a poison and it makes them very, very sick. 
  • So sick that they would have to go to the hospital. It's very serious. 

If you have a friend with a food allergy, you need to respect that difference in your friend. 

  • What could you do to help your friend at school?

  • (don't bring things like peanut butter to school for snacks or treats, don't share snacks with your food allergic friends, remind your food allergic friends not to eat foods that haven't been approved by their moms first.) 
I'd like to show you a neat video about an elephant who has a special difference. 

All of the things that are the same and all of the things that are different in each of us is what makes us who we are. 

  • This would be a very boring world if we were all exactly the same! 
  • Our differences are what make us exciting and interesting. 
  • Respect your friends for their differences. Respect yourself. 
  • Be proud of who YOU are. 
  • Learn about the differences in your friends and teach your friends about the differences in you and look after each other . Treat and care for your friends the way that you would like your friends to treat and care for you. 

Terms of Use: The information on this site does not constitute medical advice and is for your general information only. We cannot be held responsible for anything you could possibly do or say because of information on this site.   Consult your family physician or allergist for specific questions or concerns. 


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